After Weight-Loss Surgery: Surprising Nutrition Risks


After Weight-Loss Surgery: Surprising Nutrition Risks

Weight reduction surgery (aka bariatric surgery) could work wonders if you are severely overweight and can’t lose enough through exercise and diet. It can help invert Type 2 diabetes even. But here’s a dark side: If you have this surgery, you’re prone to vitamin and mineral deficiencies and the health problems they can cause, starting from anemia to age-old scourges such as scurvy, beri-beri, rickets, kwashiorkor and pellagra. After surgery, patients eat less than before, and their digestive system no more absorbs as much nutrients, according to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS).

A third of most individuals who have Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, for example, develop vitamin B-12 deficiency because food bypasses the lower stomach, where the supplement is normally assimilated. Many patients develop an intolerance to particular foods also, such as red meat (a good source of B-12) and fiber-rich vegetables. Related: Cosmetic Surgery: How Safe Will be the Tweaks You’re Considering? In order to avoid malnutrition after weight-loss surgery, experts say you will need to consume nutrient-rich foods and take special supplement and nutrient supplements – not only multivitamins – for the rest you will ever have.

Your doctor or follow-up specialist can tailor your supplements to the particular weight-loss surgery you received. Additionally you have to get tested regularly for nutrient shortfalls, which might require further treatment. Underneath collection: Get regular assessment for nutrient deficiencies before and after surgery and be alert for changes in the way you feel.

  • Fluid retention as your system tries to carry to the drinking water it already has
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  • Total Activity Level
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If you see any symptoms of illnesses caused by deficiencies, see your doctor right away – some dietary deficiencies can cause long term damage and can even be life-threatening. According to the ASMBS and bariatric surgery researchers, you’re at risk for the following nutrition-related problems after weight-loss surgery. Iron insufficiency anemia. Iron insufficiency can lead to anemia, a disorder where the bloodstream consists of too few red bloodstream cells.

Symptoms: fatigue, shortness of breath, knee cramps, difficulty concentrating and dizziness. Beriberi. This is caused by a insufficiency in thiamin (vitamin B-1). Patients are most in danger through the first six months after surgery. Symptoms: Most people haven’t any symptoms, although you may experience muscle and exhaustion cramps. Kwashiorkor. Many patients have trouble getting the suggested amount of proteins after surgery. A severe deficiency can lead to kwashiorkor, an illness linked to starvation that’s common in developing countries but extremely rare in america.

Symptoms: hair thinning, muscle spending, irritability, anemia. In severe situations, potbelly, ankle and foot swelling, electrolyte imbalances. Osteoporosis. Bariatric surgery can result in shortfalls in vitamin calcium mineral and D, possibly resulting in softening bones (rickets) or osteoporosis . Symptoms: backache, fractures (an indicator of osteoporosis), bone pain (an indicator of rickets). B-12 insufficiency problems. In severe instances, a vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause nerve-related problems, difficulty walking and problems with reasoning and thinking.

Symptoms: numbness, yellowed epidermis (jaundice), staggering, swollen tongue, hallucinations and paranoia. Related: Are Low Vitamin B-12 Levels Wreaking Havoc together with your Health? Folate deficiency problems. Deficiencies of folate (vitamin B-9) can lead to anemia, psychiatric problems and other ills. Women that are pregnant need extra folate to protect against birth defects. Symptoms: fatigue, headaches, palpitations, diarrhea, sore tongue, difficulty concentrating, pale skin, despair.