How To Install Linux
Go to the website for your Linux distro of choice and download an ISO image document to your computer. Burn the downloaded ISO image to a empty CD-R/DVD-R disk to make a live CD/DVD, or build a bootable USB drive. If you are not able to down load the ISO image and burn off it to a live CD/DVD or produce a bootable USB drive, you can buy a CD/DVD or preloaded USB drive from the Canonical Shop. If you plan to install Linux side-by-side with Windows by creating a dedicated partition, it is recommended that you defragment your hard drive before proceeding with the next step completely.
If you intend to clean your hard drive clean by re-formatting it and installing Linux instead of Windows, you can omit this step. Insert the live CD/DVD or bootable USB drive in to the computer that you want to run/set up Linux. Be certain to be careful if you make any changes to your computer’s BIOS.
FOR NEWER COMPUTERS WITH UEFI: If you have a newer computer with Windows 8, 8.1, or 10 / UEFI, you can click here to learn how to set up Ubuntu then. Follow the instructions from the live CD/DVD and enjoy! OPTIONAL: If you opt to completely replace Windows with Linux on your computer, there are a true number of techniques you can re-format and re-partition your hard drive.
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- In the next screen select Create/Modify Partition
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With many Linux distros, such as Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, and Linux Mint, you can have your hard drive re-formatted and re-partitioned automatically by choosing guided partitioning while setting up. With this program, the Linux system files/folders and the “/home” folder are positioned within the same partition, which is okay. However, once you become adept at dealing with partitions manually, it is preferable to install your underlying Linux system data files/folders in another partition from your /home folder as shown in the picture below. One reason for this is if you need to re-install your Linux system, you can avoid re-copying all your personal documents, pictures, videos, etc. in the /home folder which can remain intact in a functional system re-install.
If you choose this settings, you should devote at the least 10 GB to your Linux system “/” (root) partition. In the picture below, the / (root) partition is sda1 and the /home partition is sda2. The sda3 partition is reserved for the linuxswap, which is an overflow for RAM if needed; possessing a swap partition is more necessary on old hardware with limited RAM. Macs produced since 2006 use Intel potato chips and can run the same variations of Linux as typical Windows PCs.
However, pre-Intel macs such as the PowerPC have processors with a different architecture, which requires different variations of Linux. Not absolutely all distros have these PowerPC-compatible versions, but some do have them fortunately. When installing from a live CD, just remember that in order to obtain a Mac on top of that from the CD/DVD drive, you must hold down the “C” key while starting the computer. PowerPCDownloads – Ubuntu Wiki.
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